Staff Selection Commission – Combined Graduate Level Examination (SSC – CGL)
Staff Selection Commission – Combined Graduate Level Examination, often referred to as SSC CGL is an examination conducted for Group-B and -C post to recruit staff to various posts in ministries, departments and organisations of the Government of India. SSC CGL is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission for selecting staff for various Group B and Group C posts. The Staff Selection Commission was established in 1975.
Age: The minimum age limit defined for SSC CGL is 18 years and the maximum age limit is 32 years.
Education: Bachelor’s degree from a recognized University
Check SSC-CGL eligibility here
Scheme of the SSC-CGL examination: Online Classes
- The Examination will be conducted in four tiers as indicated below:
- Tier -1- Objective, Online, Computer Based Examination
- Tier-II – Objective, Online, Computer Based Examination
- Tier-III – Pen and Paper Mode (Descriptive paper)
- Tier-IV- Computer Proficiency Test/ Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification
|Tier||Subject||No. of Qs.||Max. Marks||Duration|
|I||A. General Intelligence and Reasoning||25||50||60 Minutes (Total)|
|B. General Awareness||25||50|
|C. Quantitative Aptitude||25||50|
|D. English Comprehension||25||50|
|II||Paper-I: Quantitative Abilities||100||200||120 Minutes|
|Paper-ll: English Language and Comprehension||200||200||120 Minutes|
|Paper-Ill: Statistics||100||200||120 Minutes|
|Paper-IV: General Studies (Finance and Economics)||100||200||120 Minutes|
SSC-CGL Tier II:
- SSC-CGL Paper-I and Paper-II are mandatory for all posts.
- SSC-CGL Paper-III: Compulsory for post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) after being shortlisted in Tier-I.
- SSC-CGL Paper-IV: for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer after being shortlisted in Tier-I.
There will be negative marking of 0.25 (-1/4) mark for every wrong answer in Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension) and of 0.50 (-1/2) mark for every wrong answer in Paper-I, Paper-III and Paper-IV.
SSC-CGL Scheme of Tier-III Examination: English/Hindi
Testing will be on
- Language proficiency
- Grammar, Vocabulary
- and writing skills.
|Tier||Mode||Scheme of Examination||Max. Marks||Duration|
|III||Pen and Paper mode||Descriptive Paper in English or Hindi
(Writing of Essay/ Precis/ Letter/ Application etc.)
0.5 marks will be deducted from every question that is attempted wrong by a candidate in all the sections.
SSC CGL Tier – IV Exam
The SSC CGL Tier – IV Exam tests skills required for certain government posts:
SSC CGL Data Entry Speed Test (DEST): for the post of Tax Assistants (Central Excise & Income Tax) – candidates enter data at the rate of 2000 key presses in 15 minutes.
SSC CGL Computer Proficiency Test (CPT), involves covering the topics of word processing, spreadsheets, and making slides.
This test is for the posts of:
Assistant in Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO)
Assistant Section Officer (MEA)and
Assistant Section Officer of Central Secretariat Service (CSS)
Assistant (GSI) in the Ministry of Mines etc.
SSC CGL Tier I / II syllabus
|Reasoning||Quantitative Aptitude||English Language||General Awareness|
Causes and Effects
Odd man out
Statement and Arguments
Statement and Assumption
Statement and Conclusion
Clocks & Calendars
Situation Reaction Test
|Age & Averages
Time& Distance-Boat & Stream
Simple & Compound Interest
Data Interpretation – Bar graph, Line, tabular, pie chart
HCF and LCM
Permutation and Combination
Pipe & Cistern
Profit and Loss
Inequality -Quadratic Equation
Ratio, Proportion, Partnership
Time and Work
Roots, Surds & Indices
Decimal and Fraction
Heights & Distances
|Antonym & Synonym
HomonymsCloze TestFill in the BlanksGrammar basedIdioms and PhrasesJumbled WordsOne-word Substitution
Qs on Vocabulary
Idioms & Phrases
Science, Technology, Environment,Sports, Culture & Banking Sector.Budget and Five Year Plans.Current events from Sports.Awards and Honours, Science – Inventions and DiscoveriesImportant PeopleCountries, Capitals, and Currencies
History of India.
Indian Economics, Indian Constitution and Indian Politics
SSC CGL Paper-III (Statistics) Syllabus:
- Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data – Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
- Measures of Central Tendency – Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
- Measures of Dispersion- Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
- Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
- Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
- Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.
- Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
- Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.
- Statistical Inference – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
- Analysis of Variance – Analysis of one-way classified data and twoway classified data.
- Time Series Analysis – Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
- Index Numbers – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.
SSC CGL Paper-IV: General Studies (Finance and Economics)
Part A: Finance and Accounts – (80 marks):
- Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting:
- Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
- Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.
Part B: Economics and Governance – (120 marks)
- Comptroller & Auditor General of India – Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
- Finance Commission – Role and functions
- Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics – Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve
- Theory of Demand and Supply – Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviour – Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
- Theory of Production and cost – Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
- Forms of Market and price determination in different markets – Various forms of markets – Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
- Indian Economy –
- Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors – Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth;
- National Income of India – Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income
- Population – Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth
- Poverty and unemployment – Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment
- Infrastructure – Energy, Transportation, Communication
- Economic Reforms in India – Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment
- Money and Banking –
- Monetary/ Fiscal policy – Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/ RRB/ Payment Banks
- Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments
- Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003
- Role of Information Technology in Governance
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